How to Create Spreadsheet in Google Docs

433219 How to Create Spreadsheet in Google Docs

Google Sheets is a free online spreadsheet app that allows you to create, edit, and collaborate on spreadsheets. With Google Sheets, you can easily analyze data, create project plans, track expenses, and more – all within your web browser.

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through everything you need to know to get started with Google Sheets, from creating your first spreadsheet to using some of its most powerful features.

Creating a New Spreadsheet

Creating a new spreadsheet in Google Sheets is very simple:

  1. Go to
  2. Click on the + button in the bottom right corner to create a new spreadsheet
  3. Give your spreadsheet a name at the top under the “Untitled spreadsheet” text
  4. You now have an empty spreadsheet ready for data!

Alternatively, you can create a new spreadsheet by going to Google Drive, clicking “New”, and selecting “Google Sheets”.

Structuring Data in Google Sheets

The structure of Google Sheets is very similar to other spreadsheet apps like Excel. Here are some key terms and concepts:

  • Cells – The individual boxes in the spreadsheet grid are called cells. Cells can contain text, numbers, formulas, etc.
  • Columns – The vertical sections of cells are called columns. Columns are labeled with letters at the top.
  • Rows – The horizontal sections of cells are called rows. Rows are labeled with numbers on the left side.
  • Sheets – A spreadsheet can have multiple sheets, like tabs in a notebook or worksheet tabs in Excel.

Entering Data

To enter data into Google Sheets:

  1. Select a cell by clicking it
  2. Type your data and press Enter
  3. The data will fill that cell and the selected cell will move down

You can enter text, numbers, dates, formulas, and more. You can also copy and paste data from other spreadsheets or text documents.

Editing Data

To edit existing data in Google Sheets:

  1. Double click the cell you want to edit
  2. Make your changes
  3. Press Enter to save the changes

You can also right-click on a cell and choose “Edit cell” to edit it.

Formatting Cells in Google Sheets

Formatting cells allows you to customize how data appears in Google Sheets. Here are some key formatting options:

  • Font – Change font size, style, color, and more
  • Text alignment – Align text left, center, or right within cells
  • Number formatting – Format numbers as currencies, percentages, dates, etc.
  • Cell borders – Add borders around cells
  • Cell background color – Change cell background colors

To format cells:

  1. Select the cell(s) you want to format
  2. Click the toolbar button for the type of formatting you want to apply or right-click and choose “Format cells”
  3. Choose your desired formatting options
  4. Click “Done”

Working with Multiple Sheets

Google Sheets allows you to have multiple sheets within the same spreadsheet file. This allows you to organize related data more easily.

To add another sheet:

  • Click the + button next to the last sheet tab at the bottom
  • A new blank sheet will be added
  • You can rename sheets by double clicking their tabs

You can also reorder sheets by clicking and dragging their tabs.

Having multiple sheets is great for organization – for example, separate sheets for different months, departments, projects, etc.

Useful Google Sheets Formulas

Formulas are essential for analyzing, manipulating, and performing calculations on your data in Google Sheets. Here are some of the most common formulas:


Adds the values of a range of cells.


Sums the values of cells A1 to A10


Finds the average value of a range of numbers.


Averages the values of cells B1 to B10


Counts the number of cells in a range that contain numbers.


Counts cells with numbers in C1 to C10


Looks up a specific value from one column of data and returns another value from the same row. Useful for lookups.


Looks up value in D2 within range D1:F10 and returns the value from the 3rd column in the same row

There are hundreds of formulas you can use in Google Sheets for all types of data analysis and calculations.

Useful Google Sheets Functions

In addition to formulas, Google Sheets also has some handy built-in functions you can use:

  • TODAY() – Returns the current date
  • NOW() – Returns current date and time
  • LOWER() – Converts text to lower case
  • UPPER() – Coverts text to upper case
  • LEN() – Returns the length of text
  • TRIM() – Removes extra spaces from text
  • SPLIT() – Splits text around a delimiter into separate cells
  • JOIN() – Joins/concatenates text from multiple cells

And many more! Click Help > Function list in Google Sheets to view all available functions.

Creating Charts & Graphs

Visualizing your spreadsheet data with charts and graphs makes it much easier to understand.

To create a chart in Google Sheets:

  1. Select the data you want to chart
  2. Click Insert > Chart
  3. Choose the chart type (column, line, pie etc.)
  4. Customize the chart as needed
  5. Click Insert to add to spreadsheet

You can move, resize, edit, and format charts just like regular spreadsheet elements.

Sharing & Collaborating in Google Sheets

One of the best things about Google Sheets is real-time collaboration. Multiple people can edit the same document at once for seamless teamwork.

To share and collaborate:

  • Click Share in the top right
  • Enter email addresses to share with
  • Choose permission levels (view, edit, comment)
  • Click Send

Every collaborator will receive an email invite to access the shared spreadsheet.

You’ll see colored cursors for everyone editing the spreadsheet live. Google Sheets also has built-in chat so you can discuss changes with your team right inside the spreadsheet.


Google Sheets provides a powerful yet user-friendly spreadsheet app that anyone can use for free. With features like real-time collaboration, handy formulas, data visualization, and more, it is an essential tool for personal projects or business teams.

We’ve just scratched the surface of what you can do with Google Sheets. Dive deeper into using functions, queries, pivot tables, macros, and integrating Sheets with other Google Workspace apps to take your spreadsheets to the next level.

Let us know if you have any other questions about getting started with Google Sheets!

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